How to Create a Backyard Sanctuary for Kids with Disabilities
Children of all abilities and needs should have room to play and explore their world. In fact, play is so important for a child’s development that the United Nations declared play is a human right for children. Making your home a place where a child with special needs can be active takes more than a look around. You’ll want to brainstorm ways the outside can be an inclusive sanctuary for children of all abilities, too.
It’s easy and addictive — for children and parents — to turn to the television, tablet or smartphone for fun and games. Technology has its place, and supervised, timed technology play can be good for kids, especially those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, it’s no substitute for the many benefits of playing outside. Getting outside improves vision, builds social skills, lowers stress, increases attention spans and boosts vitamin D levels — all of which are essential for strong, sustained healthy development.
When you’re ready to make over your backyard as a sanctuary for children with special needs, consider these simple do-it-yourself options that will improve the happiness and health of your whole family. This guide will help you:
Outdoor Sensory Play
Sensory play is a wonderful way to stimulate a child’s mind and body. While there are many sensory games you can do indoors — which are perfect for a rainy day — there are also some activities that could be more fun and need less clean-up if you take them outdoors.
Develop fine motor skills and work on improving critical thinking skills with outdoor water play. Water can produce any number of textures, which is a huge bonus for kids with low or impaired vision since they often explore their world through touch. It’s also a great way to distract an overstimulated child by directing their energy into one calming activity. Water is an especially good distraction, and a lot of fun. Here are a few outdoor water sensory activities you can do with your child with special needs:
Water isn’t the only sensory play you can bring into your backyard. You can create a tactile experience and help Mother Nature by creating a bird sanctuary in your backyard with a birdseed bin. Your child can get their hands on different textures of seeds while also exploring the sensation of using buckets, cups and shovels. Those very same tools can also bring heaps of fun to another easy outdoor sensory activity: a sandbox. You can make castles, roads and anything your child’s imagination can concoct.
Sensory play is one of many ways you can engage your child with special needs outdoors. There are also plenty of other amazing opportunities to make your backyard an active outdoor arena for a child with disabilities.
Active and Engaged
Kids of all ages and abilities can get active outdoors. Exercise and outdoor activities are especially important for kids with special needs. Focus not just on your child’s disability, but on their abilities. You can engage them in activities that they enjoy, which will help them expel some energy as well as develop and grow. Some of these activities include:
Accessibility and Safety
You can help children who use mobility devices enjoy your backyard by offering accessible paths, surfaces and play equipment. Even if you don’t create specific activities that boost development and engagement for special needs, creating an outdoor space that is accessible can still help them with easier access to fresh air, sunshine, exercise and nature — all of which are important childhood experiences. To make your backyard more accessible, you can:
It’s important to design your play areas where children of all abilities can play together. Inclusion not only builds social skills, but it also helps children learn to be more comfortable playing with kids who are different.
Children love playing outdoors, and children with special needs are no different. Even just bringing their favorite toys outside to play with can boost their development, not to mention create an added element of excitement to familiar routines. When your child is outside playing, it’s essential that you properly supervise the activities. Playing with your little one is a wonderful way for you two to bond, and it also gives you an idea of the progress they are making with certain skills. The most important fact is that you are giving your child every opportunity they need to have fun outside.